Mental Health

The Dutch National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy of 2016 recognises the potential influence of higher water levels due to sea level rise on the mental health of people. The Knowledge Agenda Climate and Health (2019), in addition, mentions that an increase in the number of floods and droughts can have mental health effects, for example for home owners and farmers. It also points to the mental health effects of nature fires.

A national psychosocial support knowledge centre was created in 2002, and in 2004 a health research and monitoring expert committee was established to support both local and national authorities during crises with a public health dimension. Also, since the early 2000s, post-disaster psychosocial support has been included in legislation and strategic documents as a public safety and public health responsibility, such as the 2012 Act on Public Health (Jacobs et al. 2019). These organisations and documents do not pay specific attention to extreme weather events, though.